Neck pain, symptoms, causes and prevention.

Updated: Nov 10, 2020

Neck pain is another common complaint in the UK. Our neck muscles can be strained from poor posture — perhaps from leaning over your computer or hunching over your workstations. Another common cause of neck pain is osteoarthritis.

Very rarely, neck pain can be a symptom of a more serious problem but we urge you to seek medical care if your neck pain is accompanied by numbness or loss of strength in your arms or hands or if you have shooting pain into your shoulder or down your arm.

Signs and Symptoms

These are usual signs and symptoms associated with neck pain:


Pain that's often worsened by holding your head in one place for long periods, such as when driving or working at a computer

Muscle tightness and spasms

Decreased ability to move your head

When to see a healthcare professional

Generally, most neck pain improves gradually with home treatment. If not, then it is time to see your doctor.

We urge you to seek immediate care if severe neck pain results from an injury, such as a motor vehicle accident, diving accident or fall.

It is important to contact your doctor if your neck pain:

Is severe

Persists for several days without relief

Spreads down arms or legs

Is accompanied by headache, numbness, weakness or tingling

What causes neck pain?

As you your neck is flexible and it supports the weight of your head, it can be vulnerable to injuries and conditions that cause pain and restrict motion.

Neck pain causes include:

  • Muscle strains. Overuse, such as too many hours hunched over your computer or smartphone, often triggers muscle strains. Even minor things, such as reading in bed or gritting your teeth, can strain neck muscles.

  • Worn joints. Just like the other joints in your body, your neck joints tend to wear down with age. Osteoarthritis causes the cushions (cartilage) between your bones (vertebrae) to deteriorate. Your body then forms bone spurs that affect joint motion and cause pain.

  • Nerve compression. Herniated disks or bone spurs in the vertebrae of your neck can press on the nerves branching out from the spinal cord.

  • Injuries. Rear-end auto collisions often result in whiplash injury, which occurs when the head is jerked backward and then forward, straining the soft tissues of the neck.

  • Diseases. Certain diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, meningitis or cancer, can cause neck pain.

What can I do to prevent it?

As most neck pain is associated with poor posture combined with age-related wear and tear. To help prevent neck pain, we suggest to keep your head centered over your spine.

Some simple changes in your daily routine may help. Consider trying to:

  • Use good posture. When standing and sitting, be sure your shoulders are in a straight line over your hips and your ears are directly over your shoulders.

  • Take frequent breaks. If you travel long distances or work long hours at your computer, get up, move around and stretch your neck and shoulders.

  • Adjust your desk, chair and computer so that the monitor is at eye level. Knees should be slightly lower than hips. Use your chair's armrests.

  • Avoid tucking the phone between your ear and shoulder when you talk. Use a headset or speakerphone instead.

  • If you smoke, quit. Smoking can put you at higher risk of developing neck pain.

  • Avoid carrying heavy bags with straps over your shoulder. The weight can strain your neck.

  • Sleep in a good position. Your head and neck should be aligned with your body. Use a small pillow under your neck. Try sleeping on your back with your thighs elevated on pillows, which will flatten your spinal muscles.